Theoretical Paper

The Biopsychosocial Model and Emotions

Author: Alexandra Lupu
Titu Maiorescu University, Bucharest, Romania

From the perspective of the biopsychosocial approach, mental and somatic disorders result from the progressive failure to maintain one’s balance, a homeostasis of the subject with the environment (Crăciun, 2017). Adaptation is always contextual, depending on the characteristics of the system and the environment in a particular temporal one. The psychosomatic followers raised the question of how to translate a psychiatric disorder into a somatic one, functional or organic symptom, trying to establish the relationship between the type of psychological trauma, conflict, personality and the affected organ. Therefore one of the hypotheses that underpinned empirical studies was that stressful emotional factors can lead, through a series of neurovegetative mechanisms, to the occurrence of somatic disorders. Theoretical and empirical research has attempted to demonstrate that the absence of emotional expression or inappropriate emotional expression is in a correlation or causal relationship with cardiovascular, psychosomatic, and infectious diseases (Consedine, & Moskowitz, 2007). The negative potential of the absence or inappropriate expression of emotion is updated under stress conditions, the quality of emotional expression being a moderating variable between stress and disease.

Keywords: the biopsychosocial model, somatic disorders, emotional expression, functional models