Research Paper

The Relation Between Anxiety and Automatic Thoughts Associated to Depression Among People Diagnosed with Type II Diabetes

Author: Manuela Răscol
Titu Maiorescu University, Bucharest, Romania

The present paper proposes to examine the way anxiety, as defined by four components (emotional, cognitive, behavioral and somatic) relates to depressive automatic thoughts among patients diagnosed with type II diabetes, and also the differences between the levels of anxiety and depressive thoughts of the patients suffering from diabetes, as opposed to the ones registered by healthy individuals.

The study has involved a sample of 33 patients diagnosed with type II diabetes aged between 26 and 79 years old (Mage = 60.12, SD = 12.12) and a control sample of 33 clinically healthy participants (Mage = 55.06, SD = 11.57). Both samples have completed the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ-30; Hollon & Kendall, 1980) and the Four System Anxiety Questionnaire (FSAQ; Koksal & Power, 1990).

The obtained results have shown a positive and statistically significant correlation between depressive automatic thoughts and global anxiety (r = .78, p < .01). The correlations between automatic thoughts associated to depression and each component of anxiety were also significant - emotional anxiety (r = .66, p < .01), cognitive anxiety (r = .69, p < .01), behavioral anxiety (r = .63, p < .01) and somatic anxiety (r = .65, p < .01).

The obtained data may represent starting points for more thorough studies regarding the potential methods of increasing the quality of life within the diabetes patients, that could be based on changing their cognitive and behavioral strategies.

Keywords: anxiety, automatic thoughts associated to depression, type II diabetes