Particularities of Depressive Symptomatology and Cognitive-Behavioral Interventions

Author: Barbara Crăciun
Titu Maiorescu University, Bucharest, Romania

Depression represents an inherent human suffering of whose manifestations present the same characteristics around the world. Within the depressive symptomatology tableau we may find apathy, lack of interest, emphasized sadness, lack of capacity of emotional reasoning, along with insomnia, decreased appetite, decreased self-esteem and libido, fluctuations of weight, all being correlated with a series of somatic symptoms (Allen, & Badcock, 2006; DSM 5, 2013). Depression generally evolves in episodes which may present duration between six months and one year and a half, followed sometimes by spontaneous remissions (DSM-IV-TR, 2000). Not treating depressive episode means increasing the probability that another episode might occur at lower time intervals, with periods of recovering which will need more time.

Keywords: depression, cognitive behavioral therapy, cognitive avoidance, medical and psychotherapeutic treatment